905-934-8501 349 Niagara Street, St. Catharines, ON L2M 4V9

Canadian and World Studies

T. DiPaolo (Program Leader)
M. Brittain
M. Hunter
J. Predovich
B. Williamson

Welcome Message

The Canadian and World Studies Department is the new term used for Geography, Law and History courses. The CWS department strives to educate students on past and present world issues. As a staff, we feel it is imperative for students to understand the history of the world they live in. By acquiring the skills taught in CWS courses, students will become globally and environmentally aware. Students taking CWS Courses also have the opportunity to utilize cutting edge geo-technology such as GIS. As a result, graduates of Laura Secord will enter the world with a broader understanding of their environment and the human interactions that help in shaping it. For more information about some of our courses, please click here: CWS at Secord2021


•Geography of Canada, Grade 9, Academic (CGC1D)

This course draws on a variety of frameworks, such as the ecozone framework, and principles of physical, human, and economic geography, to explore Canada’s distinct and evolving character. Students will investigate the interconnections among the landforms, climate, soils, plants, animals, and human activities in Canadian ecozones to develop geographic knowledge and skills that contribute to an understanding of Canada’s diversity and its role in the world. Students will examine the components of natural and human systems, how they interact and influence one another, and Canada’s relationships with the global community as they work towards a culminating unit on sustainable development. Exposure to an array of geotechnologies is also included.

•Canadian History Since World War I, ( CHC2P) Grade 10,Applied
This course explores some of the pivotal events and experiences that have influenced the development of Canada's identity as a nation from World War I to the present. By examining how the country has responded to economic, social, and technological changes and how individuals and groups have contributed to Canadian culture and society during this period, students will develop their ability to make connections between historical and current events. Students will have opportunities to formulate questions, locate information, develop informed opinions, and present ideas about the central issues and events of the period.

•Canadian History Since World War I, (CHC2D) Grade 10,Academic
This course explores the local, national, and global forces that have shaped Canada's national identity from World War I to the present. Students will investigate the challenges presented by economic, social, and technological changes and explore the contributions of individuals and groups to Canadian culture and society during this period. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to evaluate various interpretations of the issues and events of the period and to present their own points of view.

•Civics, Grade 10, OPEN (CHV20H) & Career Studies, Grade 10, OPEN (GLC2OH)
This course explores what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students will learn about the elements of democracy and the meaning of democratic citizenship in local, national and global contexts. In addition, students will learn about social change, examine decision-making processes in Canada, explore their own and others’ beliefs and perspectives on civics questions, and learn how to think and act critically and creatively about public issues.
This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan.

•Physical Geography: Patterns, Processess, and Interactions (CGF3M) Grade 11, University/College Preparation
This course examines the major patterns of physical geography and the powerful forces that affect them. Students will investigate the dynamic nature of the earth, the evolving relationship between the planet and its people, and the factors that limit our ability to predict the changes that will occur. Students will use a wide range of geotechnologies and inquiry methods to investigate the distribution and interaction of the elements of their physical environment and to communicate their findings.
Prerequisite: Geography of Canada, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

•World History to the Sixteenth Century, Grade 11, (CHW3M) University/College Preparation
This course investigates the history of humanity from earliest times to the sixteenth century. Students analyze diverse societies from around the world, with particular regard to the political, cultural, and economic structures and historical forces that form the foundation of the modern world. They examine the influence of selected individuals and groups, as well as of particular innovations, and develop skills of historical inquiry, organization, analysis, and communication.

•Canadian Law, Grade 11, University/College Preparation, (CLU3M)
This course explores the legal issues that directly affect student’s lives. To develop an appreciation of the Canadian Legal system, students examine the historical roots of Canadian Law and expand on their understanding of the role of the government in making laws. Students also become familiar with the rights and freedoms that all Canadians enjoy as a result of the Canadian charter of rights and freedoms. Students acquire a practical knowledge of Canada’s legal system, both criminal and civil, and learn how to analyze legal issues. They are given the opportunities to develop informed opinions on legal issues and to defend those opinions and communicate legal knowledge in a variety of ways and settings, including legal research projects, mock trials and debates.

•Travel and Tourism, Grade 11, OPEN, (CGG30)
This course focuses on travel and tourism to examine the unique characteristics of selected world regions from a geographic perspective. Students develop an understanding and appreciation of the ways in which the natural environments, economies, cultures, and other aspects of world regions interact. Students understand the travel and tourism industry through a series of issues-based investigations that highlight the complexity of the industry and the interconnectedness of the components. Students learn to identify the benefits of travel while minimizing cultural and economic conflicts to achieve sustainable natural and human systems. Past and present patterns and trends are analyzed in order to make predictions about the opportunities and possibilities for future travel and tourism. Students gain valuable skills, including the analysis of controversial issues and the use of geotechnologies to organize and synthesize information gathered from regional studies. This course includes a focus on the local community as a source of information about travel and tourism activities and businesses.

•20th Century History, Grade 11, OPEN, (CHT30)
This course focuses on events and issues in twentieth-century world history. Students analyse issues relating to the two world wars, the Cold War, pose 1945 regional conflicts, human rights changes in everyday life, and the problem facing developing countries. The skills and knowledge developed in the course will help students understand and analyse the challenges facing peoples, both historical and at the present time, in various parts of the world.

•The Environment and Resource Management , (CGR4M) Grade 12, University/College Preparation
This course investigates the complexity and fragility of ecosystems and the pressures human activities place on them. Students will examine ecological processes, the principles of sustainability, and strategies for resource management, with a focus on the challenges of environmental degradation and resource depletion. Students will use geotechnologies and skills of geographic inquiry to explain and evaluate various approaches to achieving a more sustainable relationship between people and their environment.
Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities

•Canadian and International Law, Grade 12, University Preparation, (CLN4U)
This course explores elements of Canadian law and the role of law in social, political, and global contexts. Students will learn about the connections between the historical and philosophical sources of law and issues in contemporary society. They will also learn to analyse legal issues, conduct independent research, and communicate the results of their inquiries in a variety of ways.
Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.

•Legal Studies, (CLN4C) Grade 12, College Preparation
This course provides a foundation for students who wish to pursue a career that requires an understanding of law. Students will explore the importance of law, analysing contemporary legal issues and their relevance to daily life. They will investigate the requirements for various law-related careers as well as legal responsibilities in the workplace. 
Prerequisite: Civics and Citizenship, Grade 10, Open

•World History : The West and the World, (CHY4U) Grade 12, University Preparation
This course investigates the major trends in Western civilization and world history from the sixteenth century to the present. Students will learn about the interaction between the emerging West and other regions of the world and about the development of modern social, political, and economic systems. They will use critical-thinking and communication skills to investigate the historical roots of contemporary issues and present their conclusions.
Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.